Toepperwein Family Practice & Wellness Center

Family Physicians located in Live Oak, San Antonio, TX

In 2015, approximately 30.3 million people in the United States had been diagnosed with diabetes, and, according to the American Diabetes Association, the numbers are on the rise. At the Toepperwein Family Practice & Wellness Center in San Antonio, caring physician Moiz Tajkhanji, MD uses an innovative and holistic approach to treat diabetes and assesses sleep quality, nutrition, and vitamin levels in relation to the condition. Dr. Tajkhanji knows the impact diabetes can have on daily life and provides personalized treatment plans. Call or schedule your consultation online.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Your body uses blood sugar (glucose) as an energy source. Your pancreas, a small organ near your stomach, secretes a hormone called insulin, which works to keep your blood sugar levels in check.

When you eat sugar and other carbohydrates that turn to sugar inside your body, your pancreas secretes insulin to make sure your blood sugar levels remain in a safe range. The insulin hormone effectively directs excess blood sugar out of your bloodstream and into your cells to be used for energy.

Your blood sugar levels rise when your body can’t properly produce or respond to insulin. High blood sugar levels can develop into diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Some of the symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Frequent urination
  • Vision complications
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Excess hunger and thirst

Some diabetics get regular infections, including gum, vaginal, or skin infections.

What are the different types of diabetes?

There are different types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, gestational diabetes, and prediabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

Your immune system typically fights off harmful bacteria and viruses. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system begins attacking your pancreatic cells that produce the insulin hormone.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is more common today and occurs when your body doesn’t respond correctly to insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels.


Prediabetes is a warning zone that indicates that your blood sugar levels are above average but not high enough to be in the diabetes zone. Over time, prediabetes can turn into type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes happens during pregnancy and usually goes away following childbirth.

What causes diabetes?

The cause of diabetes isn’t definitive, and a number of factors are said to play a part, such as:

  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Genetics
  • Hormones
  • Family history
  • Certain medical conditions, including hypertension, autoimmune diseases, and high cholesterol

Diabetes can cause complications, such as cardiovascular disease and nerve damage. 

What are the treatments for diabetes?

Dr. Tajkhanji provides effective treatments to help you manage your diabetes, including:

  • Insulin and oral medications
  • Lifestyle changes, including exercise, nutrition, smoking cessation, fitness plans, sleep quality, and stress management
  • Vitamins and supplements
  • Blood sugar monitoring

Dr. Tajkhanji looks at important factors that might affect your diabetes, such as sleep quality and diet. He recommends helpful and practical methods to boost your health overall, such as cooking with coconut oil for healthy fat and nutrients to help with blood sugar.

Get the support of a compassionate specialist for your diabetes and call Toepperwein Family Practice & Wellness Center or book online.